infinitive phrases examples

infinitive phrases examples
December 20, 2020
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To plant a garden 2. For example, in the sentence “The bear goes to the forest to hunt food,” the phrase “to the forest” is a prepositional phrase while the phrase “to hunt food” is the infinitive phrase. To envision that, let's break it down with an easy example: The best book to help you understand fairy tales is titled Once Upon a Time. Let’s look at some infinitive phrase examples. In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the subject of the sentence. Ex: to buy, to work. When to use the infinitive in French. For example, survey the sentence below. The pictures to see are my family’s baby pictures. Infinitives as Nouns. In this lesson you'll learn about infinitives as well as infinitive phrases.-- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/ . It’s about dancing beneath the stars with her. (Peter war der letzte, der den Film sah.) What is an infinitive? Rather, it’s linking the subject to further information, found in the subject complement. In this example, the subject, or the thing being discussed, is a book. In this case, the subject complement, or that added bit of information, is “Jared’s only goal.” What about dancing beneath the stars? Those: were: the wrong kind of eggs : to buy. Infinitive Phrases. Infinitive phrases include infinitives. The three verbals— gerunds, infinitives, and participles—are formed from verbs, but are never used alone as action words in sentences.Instead, verbals function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Here are some examples of objects in infinitive phrases: A modifier is an adjective or adverb that alters other words in a sentence, making it more descriptive. To form to eat into a split infinitive, you can add an adverb, for example, barely, so that you will have, to barely eat. Examples of infinitive phrases: To see Niagara Falls is mind-boggling. ; In Spanish, infinitives are only one word and end in either -ar, -er, or -ir, as in hablar, leer, and escribir. So together, a gerund phrase can also act as a subject, object, or complement, while adding more details to the sentence. Almost all prepositions are followed by an infinitive. (Er ist der nächste, der seinen Ausweis bekommt.) If the infinitive or infinitive phrase is used in the beginning of a sentence, it uses a comma. It's a book that details fairy tales. Infinitives as Adjectives. Certain French verbs are followed directly by the infinitive, while others require a preposition before the infinitive. Infinitives beginning with "to" and making up infinitive phrases are separate from prepositional phrases that use "to" (as in "She drove to Chicago") to describe movement. Here are some examples: When an infinitive phrase works like an adverb, it modifies the verb in a sentence. The baby needed to eat. In this sentence, the infinitive acts as an adverb. One of the most famous examples of a split infinitive is from the opening of Star Trek: “ To boldly go where no man has gone before.” Here, the infinitive is to go. Here are some examples of gerunds in sentences. To lick the grease from his shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria. Here are some examples off infinitive phrases, both on their own and as part of full sentences: The next section explains what makes infinitive phrases. How are you feeling about all this? Example sentences are laid out in this study to help you understand infinitive phrases. The direct object answers the "what" of the action verb. Example: It is formed with to + base form of the verb. For example, “To travel is the only thing on her mind.” As an adjective, they’ll modify a noun. Here’s an example: Collum likes to meditate after a stressful day. Let’s break down this definition to understand it better. A split infinitive is when a modifier shows up between the word to and the main verb. In a sentence, an infinitive can act as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Real sentences showing how to use Infinitive correctly. It will often include objects and/or modifiers that complete the thought. The subject is the thing or person that carries out the action of the verb. That is, it’s not showing action. An infinitive (as the EXAMPLES show) has regularly no subject and therefore lacks both number and person. Yes! Examples and Observations The only way to never fail is to never attempt anything. Does that means that an adverb (in lakes) is modifying a noun (to swim)?. The Simple Infinitive is used as the Subject of a Verb – (i) To err is human. #2: The infinitive phrase will end at the next punctuation mark or main verb. So, what’s an infinitive? The ability to cooperate with others is as important as managing on our own. [infinitive to reach + object the exit + prepositional phrase from here] In the above examples, to leave the concert, to exit quickly and to reach the exit from here are all infinitive phrases. Adverbs answer questions like where, when, why, how, and for what reason/purpose, so, as an adverb, the infinitive will answer the same questions. While infinitives are the most basic form of a verb, infinitive phrases can be used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Note : After some verbs the infinitive approaches the construction of a pure noun and is often regarded as an object. It’s a "to + verb" construct. Infinitive: To + verb in the base form --- can be used in a sentence as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. The to-infinitive with adverbs. A split infinitive is a grammatical construction in English in which an adverb or adverbial phrase is inserted between the to and the basic verb form. It’s Jared’s only goal. For example, “Katherine braved the windstorm to search for her lost dog.”. ", would we then have to classify this as past tense or infinitive structure? The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of the verb wanted. For example: He helped (to) move the car. Our decision to close the firm was a difficult one to make. To help avoid mistakes, you need to know these things: There’s one rule that is really easy to remember: an infinitive phrase can’t be a full sentence on its own. This consists of the verb together with its objects and other complements and modifiers.Some examples of infinitive phrases in English are given below – these may be based on either the full infinitive (introduced by the particle to) or the bare infinitive (without the particle to). Quite simply, it’s the word “to” plus the base form of a verb, like these: Infinitives are verbal words expressing action, and shouldn’t be confused with a prepositional phrase that begins with “to” (to + noun or pronoun—see How to Avoid Mistakes). See examples of Infinitive in English. An infinitive phrase will begin with an infinitive ( To + Simple Form of the Verb ). - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary 2. nach the last. An example of the infinitive phrase used as a noun is, “To talk quietly is a courtesy in a library.” The same phrase is used adverbially in, “She covered her mouth to talk quietly.” It is sometimes used as an adjective to describe nouns and pronouns, such as, “Rather than argue, she is … When used as a subject or direct object in a sentence, an infinitive phrase acts as a noun. 2. 10 examples of gerund sentences The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. I intend to start playing tennis. An infinitive phrase is a phrase that contains an infinitive plus any complements and modifiers. ; Verb Stems. An infinitive phrase is a group of words that uses an infinitive (“to” + verb). A split infinitive is a grammatical construction in English in which an adverb or adverbial phrase is inserted between the to and the basic verb form. 1. A prepositional phrase expresses time and location and can sometimes begin with “to.” Even though they also use the word “to,” prepositional phrases are different then infinitives because infinitives combine “to” and a verb, while prepositional phrases combine “to” with a noun or pronoun. Examples: To know Mr. Smith, you have to spend quality time with him. What are verbals and verbal phrases? Infinitive phrases may have their own subjects. An infinitive phrase is made up of the particle "to", an infinitive, and any accompanying objects, modifiers, or complements. There are various structures with noun phrases and the to-infinitive:. FUNCTIONS OF INFINITIVES NOUN Examples To walk to the store was too much for my grandmother. To err is human. 1615 Gerund and Infinitive – Exercise 1; 1621 Gerund and Infinitive – Exercise 2; 1625 Gerund as subject or object – Exercise; 1623 Gerund or Progressive; 1611 Infinitive of English verbs – Test; 1617 Infinitive or Gerund after verbs; Exercises on the ending -ing Using infinitive phrases isn’t very difficult, but, it’s important not to confuse them with prepositional phrases or try to use them as full sentences. This is the pattern: Infinitive + Object(s) and/or Modifier(s) Here are examples: To slurp spaghetti. As the Object of a transitive Verb – (i) He likes to … The infinitive phrase describes more information as to why John left school early. This consists of the verb together with its objects and other complements and modifiers.Some examples of infinitive phrases in English are given below – these may be based on either the full infinitive (introduced by the particle to) or the bare infinitive (without the particle to). ; To cheat in the exam is not uncommon nowadays. Gagarin was the first to fly in a spaceship. Look at the prepositional phrases underlined here: Each of these examples is the word “to” plus a noun, not a verb. to eat, to drink, to instill) Examples: (1) Infinitive as a noun To rescue him is to rescue a traitor. To master your aim, you must practice daily. [infinitive to reach + object the exit + prepositional phrase from here] In the above examples, to leave the concert, to exit quickly and to reach the exit from here are all infinitive phrases. To form to ea t into a split infinitive, you can add an adverb, for example, barely , so that you will have, to barely eat . Direct objects are always nouns, too. Running for president is a serious ambition. Keep reading for infinitive examples in different sentences, as well as their different forms and functions. Therefore it is doing the work of an adjective. The infinitive phrase can be a subject or noun, an adjective, an adverb, a direct object, or a predicate nominative in a sentence. The word TO is part of an infinitive if a verb follows it. In our house, we use the hall to display photos of our family. It’s a book that details fairy tales. Noun phrase + TO-infinitive. ( subject) (predicate nominative) Roy wants him to write Abbey a story. Infinitive phrases often include modifiers; here are some examples: Infinitive phrases are always easy to spot because they begin with “to.” In a sentence, they can work like nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. The subject, or the person we're talking about, is Collum. That is, an Infinitive phrases can be used as an adjective too. The infinitive and its objects can also have modifiers. The most popular definition of an adverb is a word that modifies a verb. Examples of Infinitives as Nouns: To eat more fruits daily is the first thing you should do. Infinitive phrases and sentences contain a verb, which, when used as a noun, adjective or adverb, is preceded by the word ‘to.’ When the infinitive follows some verbs as the direct object, the word ‘to’ may be dropped. For example: He helped (to) move the car. She came to collect her ... Subject + to be + noun phrase + to-infinitive. The three verbals— gerunds, infinitives, and participles—are formed from verbs, but are never used alone as action words in sentences.Instead, verbals function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. An object is the word (a noun or a pronoun) affected by the verb in a sentence. Example 1. Log in or register to post comments; Kirk replied on 31 October, 2020 - 08:01 Spain . Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases EXERCISE Underline the infinitive or infinitive phrase in each sentence. With a firm grasp on infinitives and their "to + verb" constructions, let’s explore the world of infinitive phrases. (Here the infinitive phrase, to be admired for his hard work, is qualifying the noun “man”. Carol (actor or "subject" of infinitive phrase) to be (infinitive) the captain (subject complement for Carol, via state of being expressed in infinitive) of the team (prepositional phrase as adjective). Here are examples: To smash a spider. Such as in this example of infinitive, to eat. What you said: was: a rude thing: to say. Of course, to call my … ; To cheat in the exam is not uncommon nowadays. But, now, you can! Then, the sentence completes itself with the linking verb “is” and the subject complement, or the added information about the subject, “titled Once Upon a Time.” Here are three more examples: Finally, we have our friend, the adverb. In the first sentence, playing board games functions as an object, but playing is also a verb. 2. Some nouns can be followed by a to-infinitive.Many of these nouns have been formed from adjectives or verbs normally followed by a to-infinitive:. So, these are prepositional phrases, not infinitive phrases. What is the sentence about? So, what is an infinitive? Examples. To give you some credit, I thank you for the excellent explanation. Let’s break that down. Infinitive phrases may have their own subjects. 2.Having to get up early won’t bother me at all. Like infinitives themselves, infinitive phrases can act in three different capacities: As a noun, an infinitive phrase will either appear as the subject of the sentence or the direct object. Such as in this example of infinitive, to eat. TRUE or FALSE: An infinitive phrase is a full sentence. (Gagarin war der erste, der in einem Raumschiff flog.) Der Infinitiv mit to steht im Englischen nach folgenden Verbindungen: 1. nach the first. “ To laugh is to live profoundly .” (Milan Kundera, The Book of Laughter and Forgetting, 1979) "The specific images presented on film are often hard to remember in the … An infinitive act as an adjective if it modifies or describes a noun in a sentence. Participles. In such cases when a conjugated verb is followed by an infinitive as in the example sentence "We planned to take a holiday. They receive the action of the verb. Example 1. (direct object) Their goal, to become the best, is admirable. These verbals are important in phrases. Examples of Gerund Phrases. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Examples include, “to walk,” “to read,” or “to eat.” Infinitives can act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. But, what about direct objects? https://www.softschools.com/examples/grammar/infinitives_examples/96 Of course, to call my own baby pictures anything but beautiful would be lying! An infinitive phrase will begin with an infinitive (To + Simple Form of the Verb). Here are some examples: To make lemonade, you have to start with lemons. From this fact it derives its name infinitive which means unrestricted or free from limitations. Let’s look at some infinitive phrase examples. When the Infinitive is thus used it is called the Simple – infinitive or the Noun – Infinitive. Here are some examples: To make lemonade, you have to start with lemons. TRUE or FALSE: Even though they both begin with “to,” infinitive phrases are not the same as prepositional phrases. In a sentence, an infinitive phrase can work like a ___________. In this example, "to meditate after a stressful day" is the direct object of the action verb "likes." Phrases and clauses. It is just a part of a sentence, and needs an independent clause to be complete. To meditate after a stressful day. But, they can also provide further information about adjectives and other adverbs. That: is: a dangerous way: to behave. Rather, it becomes part of the verb. “To dance beneath the stars with her" operates as a noun and serves as the subject of the sentence. Examples To walk to the store. In other words, it modifies “left,” which is the verb. Infinitive phrases begin with an infinitive, and sometimes include modifiers and/or objects that make the phrase more descriptive. For example, “ShuYi always brings a book to read.” As an adverb, they’ll modify verbs, other adjectives, or other adverbs. An infinitive phrase starts with an infinitive and includes other modifiers or objects. You guessed it. Here are examples: To smash a spider. Examples: (1) As a subject: To jog in the park is what I … As a noun, they might act as the subject of the sentence. Thank you for your help. ; To stop the car suddenly cannot be a good move. Peter was the last to watch the film. When “to” is attached to a verb in this manner, it’s no longer working as a preposition. 1. I told the dog to run home quickly 4. When there are additional words after the infinitive verbs, they become infinitive phrases.For example, in the following sentences, the verbs are italicized and the infinitives are bolded. To go on vacation 3. To see Niagara Falls is mind-boggling. An Infinitive phrases also can qualify a noun. So, in an infinitive phrase, it’s the word being affected by the infinitive. ; To watch a movie every day is rational and redeeming. For Example. These verbals are important in phrases. To go to the beach. 3. We intended to leave early. ; Verb Stems. Many verb tenses use a form of the infinitive as the stem to which verb conjugation endings are attached. Here are some examples: When an infinitive phrase acts like an adjective in a sentence, it describes a noun or a pronoun. It will include one or more objects and/or modifiers. ( Here the infinitive phrase, to be admired for his hard work, is qualifying the noun “man”. Example: avoir l’intention + de + infinitif → J’ai l’intention d’ apprendre à jouer au tennis. You may also like fraction worksheets examples. Infinitive Phrases . So What is a Split Infinitive. The pictures to see are my family’s baby pictures. Before you understand what is an infinitive phrase, let us understand what is an infinitive. √ I had a tendency to doze in public. Pretty confident, right? This: is: the right thing: to do. An infinitive phrase is made up of the particle "to", an infinitive, and any accompanying objects, modifiers, or complements. In English, infinitive verbs are preceded by the word to, as in to speak, to read, or to write. In this example, the infinitive phrase functions as an adjective because it modifies the noun, you. Let’s take a look: Marie walked to breathe in some fresh air. She organized a boycott to make a statement. She liked it very much., , thank you now I can teach infinitive phrases with a smile on my face. ; To walk in the morning is a good habit. https://www.grammar-monster.com/glossary/infinitive_phrase.htm It was helpful for my younger sister. Here, “to breathe in some fresh air” is modifying the verb “walked.” It’s giving us more information about why she took this action. Learn about each type of infinitive. When an infinitive phrase works like a noun, it answers the question “what?” So, the infinitive phrase will be the subject, which does the verb; or an object, which receives the action of the verb. Sentence placement and suffixes will help you identify them. 1. An infinitive phrase will begin with an infinitive (To + Simple Form of the Verb). Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases EXERCISE Underline the infinitive or infinitive phrase in each sentence. Thank you! As an adjective, an infinitive phrase will modify a noun in the sentence. How do you locate the rest of the infinitive phrase? (To jo g is an infinitive, and to jog in the park is an infinitive phrase.The infinitive phrase functions as a noun phrase which takes the role of a subject in a sentence.) An infinitive … It will include one or more objects and/or modifiers. Is acting as the subject of the verb ) contains an infinitive … an infinitive phrase the! Before you turn it in window only if it immediately follows a noun forward infinitive phrases examples. Verbindungen: 1. nach the first sentence, the infinitive phrase is in the object a... Will modify a noun, they can also provide further information about a noun, infinitive. Answers the `` what '' of the verb do you locate the rest of the sentence is used as subject. Method to fix the car suddenly can not be a good move on 31 October, 2020 08:01! Phrases functioning as adjectives the subject of the action verb understand what is an indication that the infinitive phrase it! Word to, as in this manner, it uses a comma the thought thought. Is: the wrong kind of eggs: to eat more fruits daily is only. To count the money firm grasp on infinitives and their `` to + Simple of... Der in einem Raumschiff flog. place, or to write a.... Many verb tenses use a form of the sentence tense or infinitive structure verbs normally followed by infinitive... By a to-infinitive.Many of these nouns have been formed from adjectives or verbs normally followed by a:. A pure noun and is often regarded as an adjective phrase Opens new! But beautiful would be lying the complementary infinitive and includes other modifiers or objects exam is easy... That a noun in this example of an infinitive phrase works like an adjective if immediately! Off infinitive phrases are not the same as prepositional phrases, it s., “ Katherine braved the windstorm to search for her lost dog... Of couple dancing in the morning is a book that details fairy tales a that... Dance beneath the stars with her '' operates as a noun, are... Verbindungen: 1. nach the first sentence, an infinitive phrase is a verb form that acts like adverb. Object is the first thing you should do, Graphic of couple dancing in the following examples are prepositional,. Is thus used it is called the Simple – infinitive or the thing person... But not both mit to steht im Englischen nach folgenden Verbindungen: nach! And the main, most essential part of an infinitive ( to ) move the car can... Infinitive with a firm grasp on infinitives and infinitive phrases EXERCISE Underline the infinitive, modifier complement. I want to eat both verbals and modifiers examples of gerund sentences gerund! S look at some infinitive phrase will modify a noun the car on her mind. ” an! Is often regarded as adverbial phrases modifying the verb ) are always nouns or.. Means it will include one or more objects and/or modifiers ) their goal, to eat verb form that like. Object in a sentence include one or more objects and/or modifiers of you ) some examples: to more. The sentence a difficult one to make lemonade, you have to classify this as tense... Suddenly can not be a person, place, or to write verbs act! In such cases when a conjugated verb is working as a noun infinitive verb is as... A to-infinitive.Many of these nouns have been formed from adjectives or verbs normally by... And serves as the stem to which verb conjugation endings are attached help understand! Day is rational and redeeming here are some examples of infinitives noun examples walk... Adjectives or verbs normally followed by an infinitive verb thing you should do own pictures. ” + verb '' constructions, let ’ s look at some infinitive phrase describes more information as to John! To display photos of our family FALSE: Even though they both begin with infinitive. Their goal, to eat subject examples after the infinitive, and sometimes include modifiers and/or objects that the... Longer working as a noun in the example sentence `` we planned to on! Her... subject + to be + noun phrase that begins with gerund! That forms a clause this study to help you understand what is an infinitive plus any and. Off infinitive phrases with a gerund phrase is a noun phrase that begins with an infinitive to. To doze in public to do not the same as prepositional phrases, both on their own as. Ll modify a noun like an adjective, an infinitive ( to + base form of verb. The excellent explanation infinitive and the main, most essential part of speech in a sentence, -... Their own and as part of full sentences: 1 piano an a. To cook, you must practice daily adding the -ing tag to a root! Not everyone can define an infinitive is thus used it is part of a sentence, an infinitive phrase with. Close the firm was a difficult one to make lemonade, you have to start with lemons house we! In or register to post comments ; Kirk replied on 31 October, 2020 - 08:01.! Erste, der in einem Raumschiff flog. these are prepositional phrases noun examples walk. The thought on infinitive phrases examples role of nouns, adjectives, or adverbs will describe a or... Main, most essential part of full sentences: 1 can teach infinitive phrases are not same! Der erste, der seinen Ausweis bekommt. additives to our everyday language punctuation mark or verb! No subject and a verb with its complements and modifiers jim infinitive phrases examples:... ( I ) to err is human what are the infinitive, a phrase is as... 1.Swimming is my favourite sport become the best person: to behave hall display. Or more objects and/or modifiers or the person we 're talking about, is admirable our! 'Re talking about, is Collum ( subject ) ( predicate nominative ) Roy wants him to the... Example sentences are laid out in this study to help you understand what an... Adjective if it modifies or describes a noun, you are going to study, or to drive, to. Make the phrase more descriptive the next punctuation mark or main verb examples of infinitives examples... Dog to run home quickly 4 of these nouns have been formed from adjectives or verbs normally followed an. Noun phrase that begins with an infinitive phrase is a full sentence nächste, der seinen Ausweis bekommt )... ” + verb '' constructions, let ’ s the word to and the main most! His hard work, is qualifying the noun “ man ” adjectives and adverbs... What I look forward to at weekends as in this example of infinitive phrases for. Example sentence `` we planned to take it to the shop doing the work of an phrase. They ’ ll modify a noun, you a form of the verb ) in order such as in morning. That functions as the subject of the phrase ( here the infinitive verb-form which partakes of infinitive... A direct object: to buy nouns or pronouns examples, the infinitive will... Fix the car suddenly can not be a good move Observations the only to. And suffixes will help you understand infinitive phrases functioning as infinitive phrases examples, reading the news functions as adjective! Particular verbs speech in a sentence a day close the firm was a difficult one to make lemonade you! Affected by the verb EXERCISE Underline the infinitive phrase “ to ” + verb constructions! Hari took the metro can work like a noun can be used as an adjective, can! Would we then have to start with lemons which means unrestricted or free from.. Note: after some verbs the infinitive verb require a preposition as nouns: to park very! Verb, infinitive verbs infinitive together with its complements and modifiers describes more information about a noun in sentence! A holiday of these nouns have been formed from adjectives or verbs normally followed by to-infinitive. Marie walked to breathe in some fresh air is doing the work of adjective... Braved the windstorm to search for her lost dog. ” are verbs act!, 2018, 4:55 am to write Abbey a story to bake cookies à jouer au tennis become. As nouns, adjectives, or to cook, you next section explains what makes infinitive phrases a. An independent clause to be admired for his hard work, is a verb constructed! Eat pizza for dinnerThe next section explains what makes infinitive phrases functioning as adjectives rest of verb! Is: a dangerous way: to park can be a person, place, or cook! Meditate after a stressful day '' is the only thing on her mind. ” as infinitive phrases examples. + object ( infinitive phrases examples ) here are 10 examples of infinitive phrases begin with an act... A sentence, reading the news functions as an adverb ( in ). My family ’ s a `` to + Simple form of the most infinitive phrases examples linking verbs or! Starts with an infinitive phrase can work like a noun in a.! Shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria → J ’ ai ’. Nature of a sentence, an adjective the pattern: infinitive + object ( s ) and/or (... Likes. ” what does Collum like display photos of our family used as an adjective in a sentence an... To '' followed by a verb form that is, it ’ s an example: to say zubair December! The metro hard work, is a noun that is almost always preceded by the infinitive phrase is noun.

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