sustainable development goal 2

sustainable development goal 2
December 20, 2020
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Ending hunger and malnutrition relies heavily on sustainable food production systems and resilient agricultural practices. Strengthening the resilience and adaptive capacity of small-scale and family Source: Report of the Secretary-General, Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable Goals. A continuous downward trend has been observed in export subsidy outlays progress. 2.3 By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment. are hungry, or 8.9 percent of the world population – up by 10 million people in one year and by nearly 60 million in five years. Goal 2 targets By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round Rights based approach. UN Secretary-General António Guterres addressed the Bundestag, the German parliament, on Friday, where he warned of a deficit of international cooperation and underscored that global challenges require global solutions. One aspect of that effort is maintaining the genetic diversity of plants and animals, which is crucial for agriculture and food production. Zero Hunger. The proportion of undernourished people worldwide declined from 15 per cent in 2000-2002 to 11 per cent in 2014-2016. 2015. The UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 2: Part Five. Ending hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition for all, however, will require continued and focused efforts, especially in Asia and Africa. 2015 to 11.0 per cent in 2016. Since the late 1990s, the percentage of aid for supporting agriculture in developing countries has been stable at around 8 per cent, when measured as a share of sector-allocable aid from member countries of the Development Assistance Committee of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). At the same time, a profound change of the global food and agriculture system is needed if we are to nourish the more than 690 million people who are hungry today – and the additional 2 billion people the world will have by 2050. In 2016, an estimated 52 million children under 5 years of age worldwide suffered from wasting (with a low weight for their height, usually the result of an acute and significant food shortage and/or disease). The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. The figures exclude livestock breeds that have already become extinct. Examine and compare two approaches in regards to eradicating hunger and famine and achieving food security. The global wasting rate in 2016 was 7.7 per cent, with the highest rate (15.4 per cent) in Southern Asia. Learn more about the targets for Goal 2. Ending hunger demands sustainable food production systems and resilient agricultural practices. close to $500 million in 2010 to around $120 million in 2016. countries fell from nearly 25 per cent of all donors’ sector-allocable aid in the More investments in agriculture, including government spending and aid, are needed to increase capacity for agricultural productivity. Globally, which may have negatively affected food security. 1 in 5 children under 5 years of age (149 million) were stunted in 2018. (or 47 million) children under 5 were affected by wasting, or acute undernutrition, a condition caused by limited nutrient intake and infection. Share on Facebook. If current trends continue, the zero hunger target will be largely missed by 2030. Canada. Localized increases in fuel prices also drove food prices higher. The main causes of high prices were declines in domestic output, currency depreciation and insecurity. The fight against hunger has progressed over the past 15 years. Stunting is defined as inadequate height for age, an indicator of the cumulative effects of undernutrition and infection. Many developing countries that used to suffer from famine and hunger can now meet their nutritional needs. One of the targets for Goal 2 calls for correcting and preventing distortions in world agricultural markets, including the elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies. Their analysis of the economic and food security implications of the pandemic outlines the potential impact of COVID-19 on the world’s poorest people. The Goal SDG 2 aims to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture. SDG indicators are the foundation of this new global framework for mutual accountability. The world is not on track to achieve Zero Hunger by 2030. In 2017, 151 million children under age 5 suffered from stunting (low height for their age), lays out steps to fight the virus in the world’s poorest countries and address the needs of the most vulnerable people, including those facing food insecurity. This has decreased, from a peak of 20 per cent in the mid-1980s, as a result of donors beginning to focus more on improving governance, building social capital and bolstering fragile States. Be it for jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing incomes, access to energy for all is essential. 2.A Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries. Source: Report of the Secretary-General, The Sustainable Development Goals Report needed. export subsidies by Governments is leading to lower distortions in agricultural Some progress has been made in preventing distortions in world agricultural markets. Publications: Sustainable Development Goals. producers, is critical to reversing the trend of the rise in hunger. This, in turn, depends on clear and universally applicable targets and indicators which are partially lacking. In addition, aid to agriculture in developing Goal 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure. the total economy has declined by 37 per cent; the ratio fell from 0.42 in 2001 FAO is the ‘custodian’ UN agency for 21 indicators, for SDGs 2, 5, 6, 12, 14 and 15 and a contributing agency for four more. Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms. The global indicator framework was developed by the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on SDG Indicators (IAEG-SDGs) and agreed to, as a practical starting point at the 47th session of the UN Statistical Commission held in March 2016. Goal 2 aims to end hunger and all forms of malnutrition by 2030. Zero Hunger is one of 17 Global Goals that make up the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The UN explains: "Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today. Rights based approach The post UN's sustainable development goals include goal 2 end hungers and achieve food s appeared first on … Government of France. The SDGs were set in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and are intended to be achieved by the year 2030. 2.5 By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed. worrying rise in world hunger for a third consecutive year after a prolonged 2. Goal 4: Education. under age 5 were affected by stunting in 2019, with three quarters living in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure. Our planet has provided us with tremendous resources, but unequal access and inefficient handling leaves millions of people malnourished. At the other end of the spectrum, overweight and obesity affected 41 million children under 5 years of age worldwide (6 per cent) in 2016. WFP. Sustainable Development Goal 2. Globally, between 2000 and 2014, the percentage of children under the age of 5 who were overweight grew from 5.1 per cent to 6.1 per cent. 6 per cent of all donors’ sector-allocable aid from nearly 20 per cent in the mid-1980s. Goal 2 seeks sustainable solutions to end hunger in all its forms by 2030 and to achieve food security. 51 million suffered from wasting (low weight for height), and 38 million were overweight. Consistent with the continued growth in undernourishment, 770 million Documents: 80.00. Investing Partners. 2.B Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round. Ocean. Dr Michelina Andreucci - December 18, 2020. The pursuit of global food security and agricultural sustainability, the dual aim of the second sustainable development goal (SDG-2), requires urgent and concerted action from developing and developed countries. In 2016, an estimated 155 million children under 5 years of age were stunted (too short for their age, a result of chronic malnutrition). In 2016, 4.7 million samples of seeds and other plant genetic material for food and agriculture were preserved in 602 gene banks throughout 82 countries and 14 regional and international centres — a 2 per cent increase since 2014. In light of the pandemic’s  effects on the food and agricultural sector, prompt measures are needed to ensure that food supply chains are kept alive to mitigate the risk of large shocks that have a considerable impact on everybody, especially on the poor and the most vulnerable. 2018, Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable Government of United States of America. The proportion of undernourished people worldwide increased from 10.6 per cent in That said, some progress is being made, with members of the World Trade Organization adopting a ministerial decision, in December 2015, on eliminating export subsidies for agricultural products and restraining export measures that have an equivalent effect. UN’s sustainable development goals include goal 2 end hungers and achieve food security. 1-6. Hunger is on the rise again globally and undernutrition continues to affect It also commits to universal access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food at all times of the year. Progress has been made in reducing market-distorting agricultural subsidies, which were 49 million children under 5 were affected by wasting and another 40 million Food aid 2. Genetic diversity in livestock breeds is crucial for agriculture and food production since it allows for the raising of farm animals in a wide range of environments and provides the basis for diverse products and services. ... ERP fosters rural peoples’ capacity to be food secure and to manage natural resources in a sustainable way through increased access to quality education and skills training for all rural children, youth and adults. More and better data on access to food can enable the tracking of progress and guide interventions to fight food insecurity and malnutrition. The share of sector-allocable aid allocated to agriculture from member countries of the Development Assistance Committee of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) fell from nearly 20 per cent in the mid-1980s to 7 per cent in the late 1990s, where it remained through 2015. markets. Stunting has been decreasing in nearly every region since 2000. This translates to 815 million people worldwide in 2016, This will require sustainable food production systems and resilient agricultural practices, equal access to land, technology and markets and international cooperation on investments in infrastructure and technology to boost agricultural productivity. According to the World Food Programme, 135 million suffer from acute hunger largely due to man-made conflicts, climate change and economic downturns. Sustainable livelihoods 3. 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